National Innovation Pathway
- In January 2020, Japan formulated the “Environment Innovation Strategy” to establish innovative technologies that enable “Beyond Zero” to reduce the amount of accumulated CO2. The strategy set 39 themes from 16 important technological challenges, and with the aim of establishing innovative technologies by 2050, the progress is to be reviewed at the “Green Innovation Strategy Meeting” composed of experts. 16 challenges listed below were extracted from 5 fields; (I) energy transformation, energy demands (II) transportation, (III) industry, (IV) business, household, cross-sectoral and (V) agriculture, forestry and fisheries / absorber.
(1) Renewable energy as a main power source, (2) Resilient electricity network using digital technologies, (3) Low-cost hydrogen supply chain, (4) Next-generation atomic energy and nuclear fusion, (5) Low-cost CO2 capture for CCUS and carbon recycling, (6) Green mobility modalities, (7) Independence from fossil fuels, (8) Carbon recycling technologies to transform CO2 to materials and fuels, (9) Implementation of advanced GHG reduction technologies, (10) Transformative urban management using big data, AI, decentralized management technology, (11) Energy saving by sharing economy and telework, work style reform and behavior change, (12) Developing scientific knowledge for the verification of GHG reduction effects, (13) CO2 absorption and fixation in the ocean, farmland, forest with advanced biotechnology, (14) Reduction of methane and N2O from agriculture and livestock industry, (15) Smart agriculture, forestry and fisheries, (16) Capturing CO2 in the air