SECTION 01 | ENERGY 90 04 INTEGRATING SOLAR THERMAL FOR MINERALS PROCESSING Alumina refining in Australia is energy-intensive and reliant on natural gas. A project looking at using concentrated solar thermal technologies such as low-temperature digestion, solar reforming of natural gas, and high- temperature calcination could lead to a 50% reduction of the natural gas consumed and may be applicable in other industries. The 15.1 million AUD project, led by the University of Adelaide, includes 4.5 million AUD in funding from the Australian Government though the Australian Renewable Energy Agency. The University of Adelaide, CSIRO and the University of New South Wales are contributing over 600,000 AUD in cash and 8.7 million AUD of in-kind resources, further supported by 620,000 AUD of in-kind contributions from industry partners including Alcoa of Australia Limited, IT Power, and Hatch. AUSTRALIA SECTION 06 91 05 H2FUTURE Steel manufacturing is one of the largest sources of CO2 emissions. Cutting these is necessary to achieve the goals set at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21) in 2015. The €18 million H2Future, a Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCH JU) project, is one of the first to explore harnessing the power of renewable hydrogen to decarbonise steelmaking. An innovative electrolysis pilot plant will be constructed at the Voestalpine production site, currently one of Austria’s biggest greenhouse gas emitters. One of the largest and most modern electrolysers using Proton Exchange Membrane technology will be deployed to produce green hydrogen for industrial use, which will be fed directly into Voestalpine’s internal gas network for testing in various process stages of steel production. The EU backed project where Voestalpine, Siemens and Austrian utility Verbund join forces, represents the type of unique public private cooperation that is needed to address the complexity of curbing industrial CO2 emissions. By supporting research, technological development and demonstration in fuel cell and hydrogen technologies, the FCH JU aims to accelerate market introduction in order to realise the technologies’ full potential for achieving a carbon-lean energy system across multiple sectors. EC INDUSTRY