SECTION 01 | ENERGY 92 06 HYBRIT, HYDROGEN BREAKTHROUGH FOR IRONMAKING TECHNOLOGY The HYBRIT project, supported by the Swedish Energy Agency, aims to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from ironmaking to zero by using hydrogen produced from “clean” electricity to eliminate the need to use fossil fuels for iron ore reduction. The project, led by Swedish companies SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall, started in 2016 with a pre- feasibility study. A pilot demonstration plant is planned for 2018. 07 CARBON2CHEM The Carbon2Chem project of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research is exploring the utilisation of smelter gases from steel production and hydrogen produced using surplus electricity from renewable energy sources to create valuable primary products, such as fuels, plastics or fertilisers. The Carbon2Chem approach is expected to make 20 million tons of the German steel industry’s annual CO2 emissions economically exploitable. Carbon2Chem will answer central questions of the energy transition concerning the storage of electrical energy and the stabilization of the electrical grid and build a bridge between basic research and the market. BMBF is providng more than €60 million funding for the project with partners involved expected to invest more than €100 million by 2025. SECTION 06 SWEDEN GERMANY 93 08 FULL SCALE CARBON CAPTURE AT NORCEM BREVIK The cement industry is a major source of industrial CO2 emissions, contributing 5-6% of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Norcem AS, with its parent company Heidelberg Cement Group and the European Cement Research Academy, is exploring various post-combustion CO2 capture technologies at small-scale to determine their suitability for deployment in modern cement kiln systems. A full-scale capture at Norcem Brevik would be the first of its kind globally for cement production. It would achieve improved levels of carbon emission from cement installations, along with a new environmental standard for cement production in Europe. NORWAY INDUSTRY ©Norcem/Heidelberg Group