National Innovation Pathway

Over the next decade, China will adhere to the core position of innovation in the overall situation of China’s Modernization Drive. We plan to improve the national innovation system, speed up the construction of strategic science and technology enterprise, pay efforts to key technologies, formulate and implement a ten-year action plan for basic research, enhance the technological innovation ability of enterprises, and stimulate the innovation vitality of talents.

China is going to optimize the industrial structure and energy structure, vigorously develop new energy, actively and orderly develop nuclear power on the premise of ensuring safety. Meanwhile, we will cultivate and expand energy conservation and environmental protection industry, and promote the efficient use of resources. We will accelerate the construction of a national trading market for energy use rights and carbon emission rights, and improve the dual control system for energy consumption. As a member of the global village, China will make due contributions to the global response to climate change with practical actions.

The Ministry of Science and Technology will be responsible for playing a leading role in China’s participation in MI, with strong support of all-level institutions in the country. In order to promote clean energy development in the next decade, China will mainly focus on the following areas:


1) Low Carbon Power (including PV, Wind, Biomass fuel, Hydrogen energy etc.)

By 2030, China will increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20 percent, and bring its total installed capacity of wind and solar power to over 1200 GW. Moreover, we will adhere to the principle of both centralized and distributed power generation, accelerate the development of distributed energy in the East and the Middle, orderly develop offshore wind power, accelerate the construction of hydropower bases in Southwest China, and build a number of clean energy bases with complementary multi energy.


2) System Integration and Optimization (including Smart grid, Power-to-x, Energy storage, etc.)

“We will accelerate the intelligent transformation of grid infrastructure and the construction of intelligent micro grid, improve the mutual aid and intelligent adjustment capacity of power system, strengthen the connection between load and storage of source network, improve the capacity of clean energy consumption and storage, enhance the transmission and distribution capacity to remote areas, promote the transformation of coal power flexibility, and accelerate the construction of pumped storage power station and large-scale application of new energy storage technology.

The Fourteenth Five-Year Plan of the People’s Republic of China


3) New energy vehicles

In November 2020, China released the New Energy Vehicle (NEV) Industry Development Plan (2021-

2035). The plan proposes to promote efficient synergy between NEVs and renewable energy, integrate and share information of NEVs with weather and renewable energy power forecasting systems, coordinate the use of NEVs with wind power and photovoltaic power generation, and increase the proportion of renewable energy applications.

By 2025, the average power consumption of new battery electric passenger vehicles will drop to 12.0 kWh/100 kilometers, and the sales of NEVs will reach about 20% of the total sales of new vehicles.


4) Nuclear power energy

“The country plans to carry forward the construction of coastal nuclear power in a safe and stable way. Specially, we are going to promote the demonstration of small modular reactors, 600MW commercial high temperature gas cooled reactors, and offshore floating nuclear power platforms. The installed capacity of nuclear power operation is planned to reach 70GW.

The Fourteenth Five-Year Plan of the People’s Republic of China


5) CCUS and Energy efficiency

One of the main goals in the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan of the People’s Republic of China is to make the energy resources allocation more reasonable, largely improve the utilization efficiency and reduce the energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 13.5% and 18% respectively.